How To Descale Espresso Machine?

Before explaining what descaling entails, let’s just imagine a scenario.

You woke up in the morning, followed your usual morning routine, and felt like having a cup of coffee. You poured the coffee from the espresso machine and drank a sip of it to get the feel of it.

But the taste of the coffee made you petrified to an extent that you are be thinking if the espresso machine finally gave out on you or something. Nope, it just got messy on the inside.

And that’s where you need to think about how to descale your espresso machine.

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It is a written fact that limescale can obstruct and jam the machines and cause serious damage. And it can destroy your specific taste of your coffee.

So, even if you use different water system reservoir, your espresso machine should be descaled several times in a month as you cannot clean the insides of it with hand.

How To Descale Espresso Machine

And you will be glad that you took your time to know about descaling your own espresso machine.

There are various ways of descaling espresso machines. Among them some of the easiest and effective descaling methods are described here.

Table of Contents

Products to Choose for Descaling

For descaling your espresso machine, you need to choose descaling products or cleaners.

Such as-

  • Citric Acid
  • White Vinegar
  • Commercial Descaling Products

Now, before going with this cleaners you should check whether there are restrictions and recommended method for your own espresso machine. As some espresso machine has its unique features, it can be restricted by warranty or descaling method.

And then, you might want to know the details of the water you use as to check the amount, types and quantities of minerals in your water.

If the quantity of minerals is high, then you need to descale your machine more often than you might think. You can use water testing kit for that.

No matter what type of machine and water source you are using, the descaling process is the same.

1.Citric Acid

Citric acid extracted naturally from citrus fruits such as lemon and limes. It can be found in the powdered form and also known as the “Sour salt”.

It is used for preserving foods, flavor agent and cleaning agents. It can be found in food stores and grocery stores.

Now, if you are thinking about how to use this, well it’s very simple. Add one quart of water to two tablespoons of citric acid and maintain this ratio for descaling your machine.


  1. Not expensive
  2. Easy to use


  1. It can create a different sort of scaling in your machine after longer usage.

It can be covered if you use citric acid twice or thrice in a week and on the next time another descaling product in a loop.

2. Vinegar

In this case, the white vinegar in your house can do the trick of descaling your machine. Adding ¼ of vinegar with ¾ of water the descaling solution can be prepared to work for your machine. But some say to use 50% of the vinegar in the solution to find it effective.

3. Commercial Descaling Product

Now, the commercial descaling products can be found in both ways of application. Such as- The limited descaling product which is available for specific espresso machines. This one is usually found to be recommended by manufacturers or limited warranty services.

On the other hand, there are some descaling products made commercially for availing to use it in all kinds of espresso machines.

Recommended Commercial Descaling Products

  • Dezcal Espresso Machine Descaler – Perfect for descaling single boiler, heat exchange and double boiler espresso machines. Can be used for manual, semi-automatic or super-automatic espresso machine.
  • Durgol Swiss Espresso Decalcifier – Liquid descaler that is effective for descaling all types of home espresso machines.
  • CleanCaf Coffee Maker and Espresso Machine Cleaner and Descaler – It is actually both a descaler and a detergent. Effective for descaling a coffee maker or French press and cleaning the brew basket and decanter. Can be used to descale the home ones too.
  • Jura Decal Superautomatic Coffee Center Descaler – Tablet form descaler specified to use in descaling Jura Impressa super-automatic coffee centers. Avoid using other descaling products as it can void your warranty.
  • DeLonghi Descaler – Liquid descaler specified by DeLonghi to use in their espresso machines. Avoid using other descaling products as it can void your warranty.
  • Saeco Decalcifier – Saeco brand liquid descaler limited for application to Saeco espresso machines.

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Step by Step Process: How to Descale Espresso Machine

There are several different types of types of espresso machines to use. And among them, auto cycling and descaling featured espresso machine can be found.

And if your espresso machine support this feature then, you don’t need to descale manually. But if it is not the auto descale featured one, then you have to descale manually.

Remember to check the user manuals of your espresso to see the specific instructions for your espresso machine.

  1. Deciding on the descaling product to use

Here, in this case, you are on your own. Citric acid, lemon juice and vinegar are natural cleaners or descaling products. And whatever you use, it should be clarified that these are natural as well.

Now, after learning and trying to descale your espresso machine, at some point, you might try yourself with new recipe for descaling or try out on your espresso machine that really works.

Whatever you think that might work out for you, you might reconsider to see the instructions of the manufacturer.

  1. Mixing Up

Now, whatever you choose to descale either commercial descaler or homemade descaling product, you need to add or mix water to form a descaling solution.

When using citric acid you need to apply water with it and mix it. And in case of vinegar, you have to dilute it via water. For commercial products, you need to follow the instructions.

  1. Rinse the Descaler in the Espresso Machine

While there are several types of espresso machine, the overall descaling process is pretty much the same.

And here you need to descale your machine by filling up your reservoir with the solution after adding water to it. It’s just like preparing coffee. The descaling solution will get insides and rinse the scaling. You need to apply the solution to the steam wand too.

This will remove the limescale and junks that created scaling on the insides from the minerals. And if you are using hard water, you need rinse your machine twice and make sure that all the gunk have been dissolved.

  1. Rinse the rinse

After the descaling rinse process, you need to add water to the reservoir and do it over. This step is used to make sure that you have rinsed out the descaling product and you get no trace of it.

Or else you’re going to taste the descaling products while making the coffee in the morning.

  1. Smell your water

Now, after you have done all the steps above, smell the water that have come out. If you find it foamy or cloudy and smells like your descaling product then rinse again.

If it still shows foamy structure or taste like the descaling product you had used, start the steps of descaling all over again and make sure you don’t find any trace of it.

Read Also: How To Make Espresso Without A Machine

What Is Limescale And Why Is It So Harmful To Household Appliances? 

Lime scale is a hard-to-get-rid–of mineral deposit that forms on coffee machines and espresso machines. Since it’s difficult to remove, it can lead to blocked pipes or valves. In some cases, this can even cause the water pump motor to fail as lime scale builds up inside parts of the pump. It can also corrode metal components in your machine, which causes rusting and leaks over time.

In fact, you might see firsthand how bad the limescale is when you look at your espresso machine after a while of using it – calcium deposits accumulate over time on elements such as boilers, steam levers and shower heads. This buildup of minerals results in lower temperature output from boiler group heads and reduces pressure and steam production.

You might be wondering how to properly and efficiently descale your espresso machine at home. Eduardo de Felippo, the inventor of Descale Espresso Machine, understands that it’s not as simple as using vinegar or citric acid like dishwashers use to remove scale from dishwashing appliances such as d ryers and washing machines. Directions on those products recommend you mix them with water under a certain proportion before putting it through a cycle in your machine. However, this requires a lot of hard work – you have to take apart every part – disassemble – clean – reassemble – repeat several times depending on how bad the limescale build-up is.

Why Is It Important To Descale Your Espresso Machine?

You wouldn’t want to drink water that has a bitter taste or even worse, drinking toxic chemicals that are poisonous. The same thing goes for your machine – it’s not good for you to clean the whole system every once in a while with citric acid because long-term use could release too much acid into the boiler and damage metal components. It might even result in leaks if left untreated for too long.

So what is the solution to descaling your espresso machine and keeping it running in good condition at home? It’s not easy because you need different methods for different parts of the system, along with time and patience to take each part apart. You might not even have all the right tools before starting your routine. On top of that, if you make one mistake during their cleaning process, it can lead to injuries such as burns from hot water or scalding when working on high-pressure steam valves. If that happens, then you will end up spending more money to fix them instead!

A Better Way To Clean Your Espresso Machine

This is where Descale Espresso Machine comes into play. With this product, you can quickly and safely clean your espresso machine at home without requiring too much effort. It’s the only product on the market today that is specially designed for cleaning espresso machines! Here are some of its unique features:

  • No acidic cleaners required
  • No need to disassemble and clean every part of your espresso machine
  • Cleans all the components of your home espresso machine system safely and effectively

Descale Espresso Machine  makes descaling an espresso machine easy with only simple steps that you put the solution in one slot and press a button to dispense it into your water tank reservoir. You will then let Descale do its magic by simply turning on the machine. Afterwards, you’ll be left with a fully cleaned coffee system that is free of limescale that affects taste and performance!

  • Easy to use and safe for all coffee machines
  • No dangerous chemicals or toxic substances
  • 100% natural anti-lime solution

What Are The Benefits Of Using Descale Espresso Machine?

Descale Espresso Machine helps you save time when cleaning your equipment. You don’t have to take apart every piece of it anymore because there is an easier way out. With this patented formula, all you need is to add one dose of Descale Espresso Machine to your water tank reservoir and press the button. You can do this easily at home or even in a cafe setting.

You will also be able to save money on expensive acidic cleaning solutions that might damage different parts of your machine, including the boiler itself. The patented formula has no chemicals that are harmful to people or metal components. You won’t have to replace any part after using Descale Espresso Machine.

  • No Need For Hard Work Or Expensive Cleaning Solutions
  • No Need To Disassemble Your Espresso Machine Every Time
  • Easy-To-Use And Safe For All Coffee Machines
  • Saves Money On Old Worn Out Parts
  • 100% Natural Anti-Lime Solution

Specifically designed for cleaning espresso machines, Descale Espresso Machine is the best way to avoid damaging your machine with acidic chemicals that can cause leaks or even worse problems. Get more information on this product by visiting the official website today!

What Should You Know Before Descaling an Espresso Machine?

Before you start cleaning your espresso machine, there are a few things that you need to know first. There are different types of limescale, and it’s best if you familiarize yourself with them before starting the process. Otherwise, you might damage your equipment because of poor descaling methods.

Here are some examples of common types of limescale:

Calcium Carbonate: Calcium carbonate is the most common type found in distilled water pipes or steam boilers for steam-driven machines because sodium chloride can speed up its buildup process. This form of limescale turns into white powder when compacted due to pressure but will turn back into hard pellets when room temperature returns. It also dissolves easily compared to other types found on coffee machines.

Calcium Sulfate: Calcium sulfate is also found in distilled water pipes, but this type of limescale is most likely to form on your coffee system because it’s harder to dissolve than calcium carbonate or magnesium carbonate. Your equipment must be soaked under hot running water for more than ten minutes if you want to remove calcium sulfate deposits. However, this type of limescale can turn back into hard pellets when room temperature returns. It’s best to note that the longer the time spent at low temperatures, the more difficult it becomes to break down these types of deposits.

Magnesium: Magnesium can build up inside steam boilers and will cause white spots with clean surfaces. This type won’t create any damage by itself, but it can speed up the buildup process for other types of limescale. This type of deposit is easier to remove compared to calcium sulfate because it can be dissolved with vinegar or citric acid.

Calcium Borate: Calcium borate rarely forms on steam boilers but usually appears in water heaters and espresso machines. Note that this lime scale type cannot dissolve under hot running water like calcium carbonate. It’s much harder to deal with because it could damage your equipment if you use baking soda alone.

Why Should You Descale Your Italian Coffee Machine?

Descaling an Italian coffee machine preserves its performance, taste, and lifespan by removing old scales that are stuck inside metal components such as boiler tubes and heating systems. If it’s left unchecked, limescale build ups will cause malfunctions that damage your equipment. In the long run, you’ll have to replace several parts and components of your coffee machine just to keep it running.

Every three months is an optimum time frame for descaling machines. However, if you own a particularly dirty espresso machine or there’s a noticeable change in taste or water pressure, then it’s best to clean your unit more often than usual. As a matter of fact, most experts recommend monthly cleaning sessions – even every two weeks – because the buildup process starts immediately once your unit is installed at home. If you live in areas with hard water (water contains high levels of calcium and magnesium), then you need to descale your equipment more often as well.

How To Descale Your Espresso Machine By Using Citric Acid?

Descaling your espresso machine is fairly easy and straightforward. All you need to do is mix something acidic and heat the water up before pouring it inside the boiler and sewage systems. It’s best to use citric acid, but any type of vinegar can work in a pinch. Simply put one tablespoon of citric acid or vinegar into a pitcher, then fill it with about half a liter – not more than 1/3 full – of water. Pour this solution inside the boiler until there’s no more visible residue left behind, wait for 10 minutes, then discard the remaining contents using a sink drain or covered bucket. Make sure that all traces of vinegar or citric acid are gone from your equipment before running another brew cycle on your machine again.

In case you’re wondering what to do with the spent citric acid or vinegar, don’t pour them down into a drain because they can corrode garbage disposal blades and sewer lines. You can mix them with a little bit of water until they dissolve, then pour the contents down the sink – just make sure that it’s diluted before doing so. If you have a septic tank then don’t let water from your coffee machine reach this type of system because it could cause harmful bacteria buildup. The latter is especially true if you live in areas where high levels of bakery discharges from nearby cities are present in public sewers.

How To Descale Your Espresso Machine By Using Vinegar?

If you don’t have any citric acid in the house, then simply use vinegar instead. Mix it in equal parts with water and pour the resulting solution into your boiler. Make sure that all components are off before doing so because vinegar can damage plastic or rubber when exposed to high temperatures. You need to leave the solution inside your espresso machine for at least half an hour before starting a brew cycle again. Afterward, discard everything using a sink drain or bucket and rinse out your unit thoroughly with clean water.

Baking soda and white vinegar is another popular combination used by many coffee lovers around the world. Simply mix two tablespoons of baking soda with two cups of water, then pour it into the boiler. Wait for 10 minutes before turning on your espresso machine again. Once you’re finished, discard everything using a sink drain or bucket. You don’t need to rinse anything with running water because baking soda is entirely biodegradable. It has some acidic properties, but it’s far less harmful than citric acid when handled properly.

Different Ways To Descale Your Espresso Machine Safely

Although this article doesn’t claim to be an exhaustive collection of ways to descale your equipment safely, we want to give you some options that’ll help you maintain its proper functioning and taste better coffee in the long run. First of all, make sure that there are no traces of mineral deposits left behind because the scale build-up inside your boiler is one of the most common issues you can face in the long run. The deposits are white or cream colored, so if your equipment tastes bitter or you notice any sort of discoloration whenever you prepare a brew cycle, then it’s time to descale everything.

Depending on how often you need to clean out your equipment, there are different products that work great for this task. Using citric acid or vinegar is arguably cheaper because both these solutions are also found in grocery stores and kitchen cabinets. On the other hand, using chemical descaling agents like Cafiza comes with its own set of advantages like better results in less time (it takes about 15 minutes for product to work once you read the instructions), as well as better safety for the user.

The good news is that most modern espresso machines come with a self-cleaning setting. Quite often, this option requires you to press and hold a simple button combination before using it (it’s usually displayed on the LCD screen).

Depending on how hard your water is and what type of machine you own, there are several ways to descale an espresso machine without having to spend too much money. An easy way of doing so relies on white vinegar and salt; all you need to do is pour around two cups of vinegar into the boiler, then turn your equipment on and let it run until steam starts escaping from any orifices. Once you notice some bubbling inside, wait for another 30 minutes before turning everything off. This is an effective way to remove calcium, lime and other hard minerals using only two ingredients. The process should be completed by rinsing out your boiler with clean water.

Descaling products based on citric acid are still the most popular choices because they’re cheap and work pretty good. If you’re feeling adventurous, then you can also try making up your own descaling solution at home, although it might take some time for you to find out which chemicals will do the trick. For instance, if you mix vinegar (acetic acid) with salt (sodium ions), then pickling salt will make a stronger solution than table salt which has much smaller particles; this is due to its tendency to dissolve easier in water.

Home-made descaling strategies are pretty common, but proceed with caution because adding too much salt or vinegar will make an acidic solution. All you need is to mix one part white vinegar with two parts water, then pour it into the boiler through the group head. Turn on your equipment for 30 seconds before turning it off again. This should be enough to break down mineral deposits without causing any harm to sensitive rubber valves or gaskets that are present inside your machine’s boiler.

If you’re tired of wasting money on coffee shop drinks, then there are plenty of ways you can improve your at-home experience and enjoy better tasting espresso shots. If having great tasting, yet affordable coffee is important for you, then remember that maintaining your equipment is just as important as buying high-quality beans.

You can purchase Cafiza descaling products in the form of solids or liquids, depending on which you find more convenient for your needs. The scale remover works great when using a manual espresso machine without any sort of pressure relief valve, so prepare yourself to use it right before opening the portafilter after pulling a shot. In almost all cases, cleaning out your boiler should be followed by running several brew cycles with only water in order to flush everything out and get rid of any leftover residue from chemical descaling agents.

If you own an automatic espresso machine, then there’s no need to worry about how to manually control the flow rate because these devices are already equipped with valves that you can open and close to suit your needs. For best results, pick Cafiza All-Purpose descaling solution or another type of product that’s suitable for your machine.

Descaling A Heat Exchange Espresso Machine

Unplug the power cord, unless you own one of those newer models that come with an auto-off function. Doing so protects your equipment from getting damaged if the boiler overheats while you’re descaling it.

Turn off all cold water taps and open up the steam tap in order to speed up the process.

Pour about 2 tbsp. (30 ml) of Cafiza into the boiler through any access point; this can be done using any sort of container or hose, no matter how big or small. It doesn’t matter whether there’s already some scale inside, because our product will do its work regardless of how much residue was left behind by other descaling agents.

Now it’s to wait for 4 hours before removing the powder using a small strainer. The remaining sludge can be disposed of in any way you find most convenient.

Pour out about 1 liter of water through the group head before adjusting the internal thermostat to its higher setting. This is an optional step but it’s strongly recommended, because this machine’s heating system works best when set between 90-95 degrees C.

Boiler pressure should be kept at zero prior to turning on slightly warmer tap water.

Heat up your device until the steam temperature reaches 125 degree F, then turn off the boiler and use a paper towel or cloth to wipe dry all surfaces that come into contact with coffee liquids, oils or gasses. Most standard home espresso machines are equipped with brass boilers that can withstand even the strongest descaling agents, but keep in mind that doing this process without turning up the boiler’s temperature results in a much longer waiting time.

There are two ways you can remove hardness minerals from your espresso machine’s boiler: one involves uncalcified, liquid descaling products or citric acid and there’s another option if you prefer powder-based substances. The best way to make sure your equipment is safe is by running several brewing cycles with water immediately after using Cafiza.

Descaling A Steam Frothing Device

Unplug the device and turn off warm taps before proceeding with any internal maintenance work. It doesn’t matter whether it was Cafiza Descaler or Citric Acid used as a home remedy for descaling, it’s always a good idea to flush out your equipment after working with chemicals that have the ability to remove rust from boiler walls.

In order to carry out this process, you’re going to need about two tbsp. (30 ml) of Cafiza All-Purpose descaler per every liter of water that needs to be drained through the steam wand. Once again, this is only necessary if using strong chemicals is the only option available at your disposal.

Allow this mixture to sit inside your espresso machine’s boiler for 4 hours without turning on any heating elements. This is what causes water molecules contained in the mixture to react with hard minerals and turn them into tiny particles so they can easily pass through pipes and valves.

Once the waiting time is over, start your device’s heating cycle in order to remove sludge through the steam wand.

Turn off the boiler and use a towel or paper towel to wipe out all parts that form part of the steam wand, group head or frothing attachment.

Finish by flushing out your machine with water. It’s highly recommended that you use hot tap water straight after descaling regardless of whether Cafiza All-Purpose Descaler was used, because this step will help get rid of any bad odors which are left behind by chemical agents. This method also prevents damage caused by acidic agents like Citric Acid.

Always make sure you carefully read manufacturer’s guidelines before removing mineral scale from an espresso machine; if you skip this recommended step, you put your equipment at risk.

In case you don’t have enough time to carry out the descaling process immediately after removing mineral scale from boiler walls, simply boil water in your device once before turning it off and allowing it to cool down overnight. This will ensure that no stains are left behind by citric acid or any other acidic descaling agent.

Descaling A Single Boiler Or Thermoblock Espresso Machine

Unplug your device and let it cool off in order to prevent any damage caused by hot surfaces.

You’re going to need about 3 tbsp. (45 ml) of Cafiza All-Purpose descaling solution for each liter of water that needs to be drained; make sure you get rid of all hard minerals through the steam wand after waiting 4 hours without turning the main heating system on. Let this mixture sit inside your espresso machine’s boiler overnight, then turn it back on in the morning and again use hot tap water to flush out any harmful residues or bad odors which are left behind by citric acid or other acidic descaling agents.

Always remember that not even one drop of liquid should find its way into inner tubing, valves or any other opening that forms part of an electrical circuit. In case this happens, all you have to do is turn off warm taps and immediately call out a repair service if your device didn’t come equipped with a water-cooling system.

Descaling An Espresso Machine With A Built-In Water Softener: This type of machinery doesn’t need any external help when it comes to descaling. However, it’s important to mention the fact that going through the descaling process as instructed in the user manual is necessary if you want your equipment to perform as intended without taking damage from calcium deposits which are responsible for clogged valves and overheated internals.

With that being said, here are couple of things you should know about how to descale an espresso machine with a built-in water softener:

Blocking A Portafilter (Basket) And Using Specific Grouphead Cleaners: Once the descaling process is over, it’s highly recommended that you use specific grouphead cleaners to remove any residues which are left behind by citric acid or other acidic descaling agents very often. This way your device will always look new and shiny no matter how many years of usage it has under your belt.

Using grouphead cleaning tablets for descaling once per month is usually enough to keep hard mineral stains at bay. Before using these products though, make sure you read their manuals thoroughly so you know exactly what measures need to be taken in order not to damage your equipment.

Espresso Machine Repair Services: If you don’t have enough time to descale your device on your own or if you don’t know how to get rid of any mineral scales without causing damage, getting in touch with certified repair professionals is a wise idea.

These guys will check the quality of water which flows through your espresso machine and then recommend the best course of action that’ll ensure longevity while placing minimal stress on internals. They also provide routine maintenance services that prevent clogged valves and boost user experience by keeping all internal parts shiny and rust-free.

Descaling A Super-Automatic Espresso Machine

Descaling an espresso machine is usually divided into 2 main processes. The first one includes cleansing the boiler and grouphead, while the second process requires flushing out tubing and other internals which are responsible for transporting water towards coffee molds.

If you want to descale your super-automatic espresso device without any professional help, make sure you follow the instructions below:

You’re going to need about 1 tbsp. (15 ml) of Cafiza All-Purpose Descaling solution per liter of water that flows through your equipment; make sure you flush out all hard mineral deposits through hot taps by running lots of tap water before removing portafilters from molds. Let this mixture sit inside your machine overnight, then turn it on the following morning and run (hot) it through. Repeat this step until you notice your espresso machine delivering clean-tasting water; Always make sure the Cafiza solution is in contact with all hard mineral deposits for at least 15 minutes before flushing them out of internals. This ensures that everything stays in place, but problem areas are cleaned thoroughly enough to guarantee smooth functioning for years to come.

How To Remove Mineral Deposits From An Espresso Machine Without Using Any Chemicals?

The task at hand requires lots of patience because things can get pretty messy if you don’t know what you’re doing. So please read carefully or better yet – ask somebody who knows how much time needs to be spent on cleaning out slimy scales without harming internals or tubing.

This is what you’re going to need: Your espresso machine, a basin filled with water, coarse sea salt and a metal spatula.

Fill the basin with lots of water and add some coarse sea salt from time to time. You should use enough water so that all internals are under water when you place your device inside the container, but make sure it’s not too much because there shouldn’t be any air pockets present within this mixture.

Start scrubbing every single bit which contains mineral deposits until they dissolve completely; if after 5 minutes of gentle scrubbing you notice pooling of liquid on one spot, move on to another part because it means that the current portion needs more attention.  Once the descaling process is complete, turn the device on and flush out any saline solution which might still be present through hot water taps.

You can use a toothbrush if you feel like you need to scrub harder, but try to avoid this step because over-scrubbing will contribute to internals getting damaged after a period of time.

How To Get Rid Of Mineral Deposits On Aluminum Portafilters?

For this short guide we’ll only cover portafilter cleaning since your espresso machine should’ve been descaled by now.

This is what you’re going to need: Something hard and abrasive (sponge or steel wool), vinegar and lots of patience.

Add some water to your portafilter and scrub with a soft sponge until you notice hard mineral deposits softening after gentle rubbing. For the next step make sure you wear rubber gloves, then cover (but don’t soak) any visible part of the portafilter with vinegar.

Now let the solution sit overnight; if water gets cloudy, repeat this process once more, but if there’s still some ugly grime sticking around even after two attempts, just keep on soaking it in vinegar for about 2 days or so because white scales need much more than that to dissolve completely.

The day after you should notice all the hard stuff sliding right off, revealing shiny bits underneath. If this doesn’t happen, try leaving the device inside vinegar container for longer, although if after sometime you notice the portafilter developing scratches or stains, your best course of action would be to throw it out because there’s no saving that.

How To Remove Dried Coffee Scales From An Espresso Machine: If you’re reading this guide before descaling is complete, please go back and read the previous one in this series first. Now that all hard mineral deposits are gone you can concentrate on dried coffee scale removal. For ease of use I’m gonna divide this short tutorial into two parts; removing small-grained scales (the ones which usually form within groups) and removing larger pieces of calcified matter.

This is what you’re going to need: A small plastic container filled with Cafiza, a metal spatula and vinegar.

First, mix Cafiza with water to form a thick paste which is going to dissolve the dried coffee scale ; make sure you don’t leave any calcified debris behind. Once dissolved, use narrow brush or steel wool to scrub off all remaining residue from groups play heads and portafilter baskets.

For larger pieces of hard matter you’re going to need much more patience because it’s going to be a bit harder for that stuff to dissolve fully. First, apply some Cafiza solution on whatever scales are left over, then let it soak overnight as before. In the morning try scrubbing them away gently with soft plastic sponge so as not to prevent internals from getting damaged in the process. If this doesn’t work, just try soaking your portafilter for a longer period of time.

The day after you should notice most scales have slid off, allowing their metal base to shine. If some pieces are still left over even after letting it sit in Cafiza solution for 48 hours or so, you can use vinegar mixed with lime juice to try to dissolve them away faster.

How Often Should You Clean Your Espresso Machine?

This varies depending on how much you use your machine, but I’d say at least once every two months is more than enough. If you notice hard mineral deposits or scales forming faster than this, try performing a descalers procedure (even if it doesn’t need it) because over time descaling will become less effective.

How To Keep Your Espresso Machine Clean?

Some things require constant attention while others can be done only on occasion; cleaning espresso machines falls into the second category. Here’s a list of things that’ll help your device keep its shiny looks and work like new for longer :

  1. Don’t leave ground coffee sitting inside the portafilter for extended periods of time.
  2. Don’t leave water standing in a group container, especially if it’s metallic.
  3. Soak portafilter and other parts in Cafiza solution once a week to dissolve hard minerals before they have a chance to stick on permanently. A good tool to help you with that is a dedicated pocket scale which lets you weigh out the exact amount of descaling solution every time without having to use a calculator or stopwatch  (here’s one worth checking out ).
  4. Remove any residual foam from the wand after using hot milk because those tiny particles love breeding grounds where heat, steam and pressure provide perfect conditions for them to grow, making cleaning procedure much more difficult later on.
  5. Clean the steam wand with water and cloth after every use.
  6. Always store your machine clean and dry because moisture is one of things that encourages bacterial growth and mold to form, especially inside groups  (use a portafilter basket as stand).

What Happens If You Don’t Descale Your Espresso Machine?

Hard mineral deposits are harmless to your machine, but will become a pain in the ass to remove once they form pretty much everywhere inside groups, portafilter baskets and steam wands.

Over time descaling will become less effective as dried minerals tend to stick on internals permanently causing permanent damage over time  (this happens mostly with aluminum parts which are usually anodized).

If you don’t want this to happen I’d suggest you give descaling every two weeks or so a try…it’s not gonna take more than 10 minutes of your time anyway. If it still doesn’t work, try leaving Cafiza solution inside your group for several hours instead of overnight because some machines can suffer from clogging issues when left unattended for too long.

If you still can’t get your coffee machine clean after trying all these methods, don’t panic! You can always contact me over here if something goes wrong… but I’m almost 100% sure you’ll manage to fix it before that happens.

I hope this article has been helpful and if it wasn’t please feel free to leave a comment below because I’ll try my best to help you out. If there’s anything else I may have forgotten about let me know in the comment section below! Until next time, keep pushing water through coffee 😉

How Do I Clean The Steam Wand?

Steam wands are usually easy to clean because all you need is a cloth dipped into Cafiza solution or warm water mixed with soap. You can also try using straight lemon juice if that’s available in your country and after that clean the wand with steam and wipe off any remaining residue.

Cleaning portafilter: Sometimes results of cleaning procedure may vary depending on the machine’s model, group head type and design so here’s my advice: If Cafiza doesn’t work for you at first try a different descaling solution as some machines require stronger stuff than others.

What’s The Difference Between Descaling And Cleaning A Espresso Machine?

Descaling is something you do to remove mineral deposits from the machine which are usually caused by hard water. This process removes this build-up but doesn’t necessarily clean entire internal parts of your coffee machine.

Cleaning an espresso machine is a much more intensive process that includes disassembly of different parts, brushing, washing with soap or even using an ultrasonic cleaner, depending on how dirty it is. You can read more about cleaning here.

There Is A Stain On The Steam Wand Of My Espresso Machine How Can I Remove It?

Most stains come from dried milk so try soaking wand in warm water mixed with dishwashing liquid for 10 minutes and after that use soft cloth to remove any remaining residue. If that still doesn’t work try using any descaling solution or even toothpaste to get rid of the stain.

How Do I Descale My Pump Espresso Machine?

Thankfully, descaling pump espresso machines is pretty much the same as semi-automatic or super-automatic coffee machines so here’s what you need to do:

  1. Remove water tank and drip tray  and place fresh Cafiza solution inside it (you can use any other brand of descaler if you want but I recommend Cafiza because that’s what I always use).
  2. Place a small container (a measuring cup for example) underneath the group head and run hot water until it starts spilling out from portafilter spouts. Make sure there are no air bubbles in the line before proceeding further.
  3. Turn knob on your machine all the way to steam position (in some cases turning knob all the way to steam plus one click may be necessary).
  4. Turn the pump on and after 10-15 seconds turn it off again (so there’s almost no pressure in line) and wait for water to finish pouring through the group head. Repeat step 3 two or three more times (the number of times you repeat this step depends on the machine’s model, make and type of scale built up inside the group head).
  5. Once enough water has passed through, run one shot of espresso to clear any residual Cafiza solution from internal parts of your machine.
  6. Remove solution from the water tank and rinse with clean water afterwards. If there still seems to be some scale left inside just repeat whole process once or twice more until results are satisfactory

I hope this article has been helpful and if it wasn’t please feel free to leave a comment below because I’ll try my best to help you out. If there’s anything else I may have forgotten about let me know in the comment section below!



  1. Is Vinegar Good for descaling?

Yes, it is. It is a natural cleaning agent. And then again, you cannot use only vinegar for descaling solution. You need to add water to dilute it.

Direct application of vinegar can cause rough surfaces and scratches. On the other hand, some manufacturers recommend to use 50% of the vinegar in preparing descaling solution.

  1. How often should you descale an espresso machine?

Espresso machine should be descaled at least once a month. But in some cases, if you are using hard water or water that contains high amount of minerals than you need to do it couple of times a month.

And, if you’re going on a vacation, please do descale your espresso machine as it may build scaling while not used. But depending on the level of minerals in the water, you should descale accordingly.



An espresso machine is a major investment for many, and it’s important to know how best to care for your new purchase. We’ve put together this post with some general information you’ll need when desilting an espresso machine in order to keep the device running smoothly and extend its life expectancy. If you’re ready to get started or want more details on any of these steps, don’t hesitate to contact us!

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